Its the southest island of the Cyclades. Santorini is the nearest island. Hora with the picturesque windmills is the village in the island. Agios Nicolas and Klisid are small communities. According to Mythology the island was named Anaphi because it emerged from the depths of the sea to offer refuge and save the Argonauts from a fierce storm.
Of course many say that the name simply stands for the cic-existence of snakes in the island- "aney opheon" ("without snakes"). In the 5th century BC Anaphi was a member of the Athenian alliance. During the Middle Age it belonged to the Duchy of Naxos. In 1537 it is conquered by the Turks and is fried in 1821 with the rest of Greece.
In spite of its small gegoraphic size, Anafi has mythological and archeological interest. On the place of Apollans' Aiglita's temple which was replaced latest by the monastery of Panagias Kalamiotisas (whose little ruins still exist) there are tombs of Aphrodite, Asklipios and tisian Zeus. Giakinthia and Grania are celeb rated there.
During the kingdom of Othonas, many habitants of Anaphi moved to Athens and build their community as today's Anaphiotika, in the northEast side of Acropolis, above Plaka.